4C’s of Diamonds

CUT

The cut of a diamond not only refers to the diamond’s shape, it also refers to how effectively the diamond returns light back to the viewer’s eye. A well-cut diamond will appear very brilliant and fiery, while a poorly cut diamond can appear dark and lifeless, regardless of its color and clarity.The cut of a diamond determines its brilliance. Put simply, the better a diamond is cut, the more sparkle it will have.

diamond-cut-chart

COLOR

When shopping for a diamond, it is generally preferred to choose a stone with the least amount of color possible. Diamond color is graded on a scale from D-Z and is divided into five broad categories (colorless, near colorless, faint, very light and light). Diamonds within the colorless range(D-F) are the most rare and valuable of all those on the color scale.

diamond-color-chart

CLARITY

It is important to select a diamond that does not have any inclusions that will affect the overall beauty and durability of the diamond. If you want to be 100% sure that your diamond will be completely clean of “eye-visible” inclusions, stick with diamonds graded “VS2” or higher. Shopping for SI quality diamonds can be very rewarding. It is also a good idea to balance the clarity grade of your diamond with the color. If you are looking at diamonds in the D-F color range, focus on clarity grades of VS2 or higher. Diamonds in the G-I color range combined with SI clarity are excellent values.

diamond_clarity_scale

CARAT

Carat is a term that refers to the weight of a diamond. For Polished Diamonds, it is a choice that depends on personal preference and budget. When looking at a diamond engagement ring, what is most visible is the size of the surface area on the top of the diamond. It is difficult to measure a diamond’s carat weight simply by looking at it. Although carat weight influences cost quite a bit, it is advisable to focus on diamond cut and diameter.

diamond carat chart

Other Important Attributes:

Shape

Diamonds come in many different shapes. Each diamond shape possesses its own unique qualities, so exploring and learning about the various shapes is worth your while. Since all diamond shapes are very different, unique characteristics determine quality for each shape.Feel free to consult our Diamond experts to determine which shape is the best for you.

diamond-shapes

Certificate

A diamond certificate, also called a diamond grading report, diamond dossier or diamond quality document, is a report created by a team of gemologists. The diamond is evaluated, measured, and scrutinized using trained eyes, a jeweler’s loupe, a microscope, and other industry tools. A completed certificate includes an analysis of the diamond’s dimensions, clarity, color, polish, symmetry, and other characteristics.Worls top certification authorities: GIA, IGI, HRD, GCAL, AGSL. Normally GIA diamonds are more expensive then IGI, and IGI a little more then HRD certified ones.

certifications

Diamond Anatomy

A diamond is comprised of the eight main components. They are Diameter, Table, Crown, Table Spread, Girdle, Pavilion, Depth, and Culet. Below is a brief description of each part of a diamond and its location.

  • Diameter: The width of a polished stone, measured from edge to edge.
  • Table: The largest polished facet located on the top of the diamond.
  • Crown: The top part of a diamond extending from the table to the girdle. The crown is made up of bezel facets (crown mains), star facets, upper girdle facets (upper halves), and a table facet.
  • Girdle: The very edge (widest edge) of the diamond where the crown and pavilion meet.
  • Pavilion: The bottom part of a diamond extending from the girdle down to the culet.
  • Depth: The total height of a diamond measured from the table to the culet.
  • Culet: The small or pointed facet at the very bottom of the diamond.